Elephants, house cats, dogs and horses
The A.L.F. claimed responsibility
for setting fire to six vehicles used by the Big Apple Circus on March 27th, 1999.
The communique stated that two cabs with trailers were completely destroyed and
that three flatbed trucks carrying equipment and one small vehicle were severely
damaged. The circus is now stating that they will cease to use elephants due to
pressure from animal activists.
CARSON & BARNES CIRCUS
Box J, Hugo,
Phone: (580) 326-3173 (office)
Fax: (580) 326-7466
ANIMALS: Elephants, bears, baby giraffe, big cats, etc.
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has cited Carson & Barnes for
failure to provide shelter from the elements, cages that meet minimum space requirements,
for unsound fencing that failed to protect both spectators and the animals, for
rusty animal cages, for giving animals unclean water, and for failure to keep
records for animal care. Further, Carson and Barnes employees have stabbed elephants
with knives and vigorously beaten elephants with bullhooks. This circus travels
with more animals than any other circus.
634 N. Grand
Blvd., Suite 1029 St. Louis, MO 63103
USDA license #43-C-101
One elephant (scheduled for retirement May 26, 2000) and horses
Simpson Rd., Hemet, CA 92545
513 E. First St., Tustin, CA 92780
USDA License #93-C-0091
The USDA has cited Circus Gatti for
repeatedly failing to provide structurally sound enclosures. Circus trainers have
tied up ponies and beat them so violently that the sound of the cracking whip
could be heard from the stands. Circus representatives have stated they use electricity
to "clean up" the difficult animals.
303, Myakka City, FL 34251
9925 Wauchula Rd, Myakka City, FL 34251
USDA License #58-C-0440
ANIMALS: Two elephants, big cats, etc.
USDA has cited Circus Pages for failure to have records of veterinary care, and
for failure to provide animals with sufficient space and appropriate food. Circus
Pages travels with several animals, including two African elephants named Bombi
and Daisy. Both elephants were captured in the wild in 1974.
2437 Grand Ave., #150, Ventura Vista, CA 93003
USDA License #93-C-057
Two elephants, lots of "petting zoo type" animals
The USDA has
cited Circus Vargas numerous times for failing to provide shelter from the elements,
veterinary care, medical records, and safe travel trailers. Two elephants who
were leased from the Hawthorn Corporation by Circus Vargas to give rides to children
died of a human strain of tuberculosis. Circus Vargas cares so little about the
animals in their "care" that they shipped a sick animal back to Hawthorn
rather than provide veterinary care.
CLYDE BEATTY-COLE BROS. CIRCUS
Box 127 Deland, FL 32721
1038 Martin St., De Land, FL 32720
ANIMALS: elephants, big cats, etc.
In April 1999,
the USDA filed formal charges of AWA violations against Clyde Beatty-Cole Bros.
because the elephants showed signs of being abused with sharp metal bullhooks.
They were charged with animal cruelty in August 1999 by a New Jersey humane society
for overloading and overworking an elephant. Two elephants, who were described
as malnourished and neglected, died suddenly within a two-week period in August
1999. In five separate incidents, Clyde Beatty-Cole Bros. elephants have killed
two spectators, injured more than a dozen others, and rampaged during performances,
which caused tens of thousands of dollars in property damage.
as February, the USDA cited Clyde Beatty-Cole Bros. with failure to handle two
elephants in a manner that prevents trauma or physical harm and failure to provide
adequate veterinary care.
CULPEPPER & MERRIWEATHER CIRCUS
Ocotillo Rd., Queen Creek, AZ 85242
USDA License #86-C-0024
2 elephants, camel, horses
The USDA has cited Culpepper & Merriweather
several times for failure to provide animals with shelter from the elements, enough
space to make normal postural adjustments, and proper veterinary care. Culpepper
& Merriweather Circus travels with several animals, including two elephants
named Barbara and Connie, who were both captured in the wild.
P.O. Box 1005, Webster, FL 33597
USDA License #58-C-447
rents animals out to other circuses and does not appear under the name Franzen
Brothers. In 1998, San Benadino, CA animal control officers seized 8 horses belonging
to Brian Franzen after the horses were found to be malnourished and sick. Said
Franzen, "The horses, it really wasn't my thing." The late founder and
owner of Franzen Bros. Circus, Wayne Franzen, was killed by one of his own tigers
in front of 200 school children and their families in Carrolltown, PA.
CARDEN CIRCUS INTERNATIONAL
Rte. 20, Box 2023, Springfield, MO 65803
ANIMALS: Elephants, big cats, etc.
The USDA has cited
George Carden Circus numerous times for failing to provide shelter from the elements,
proper veterinary care, adequate and safe enclosures, and for failure to properly
handle animals. Trainers have been observed beating elephants and tigers repeatedly
to force them to perform. This circus is the one with which Shrine temples throughout
the country usually contract.
GREAT EUROPEAN CIRCUS (Tabak, Bela)
Ogleby Creek Rd., Myakka City, FL 34251
USDA License #58-C-0243
peacocks, dogs, etc.
The USDA has cited Tabak for failure to provide proper
handling, veterinary care, environmental enhancement, adequate shelter from the
elements, adequate enclosures, and clean water. Tabak was videotaped beating a
baby elephant during a September 17, 1994 performance in Lebanon, Oregon. The
15-month-old elephant collapsed, screaming and bleeding. Tabak pleaded no contest
to animal abuse charges brought by local authorities. The USDA suspended Tabak's
license for 60 days, and Bela Tabak is prohibited from working with elephants
for five years. Tabak has toured as the Great European Circus and the Royal American
Circus, as well as with the
now-defunct King Royal Circus. In February of 1998,
this circus was cited for failing to provide adequate care for a 9-month-old monkey
who was found dead in his cage.
HANNEFORD FAMILY CIRCUS
3291 W. Sunrise
Blvd., Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33311
USDA License #58-C-0126
USDA has cited Hanneford Family Circus several times for failure to provide proper
food, veterinary care records, and secure enclosures. In 1990, Carol, an elephant
who is forced to give rides to children, killed an elephant trainer.
CORPORATION (Cuneo, John)
9819 N. Solon Rd., Richmond, IL 60071
ANIMALS: Elephants and big cats
The USDA has cited Hawthorn
Corporation numerous times for failure to provide veterinary care, adequate shelter
from the elements, and proper food and water, as well as failure to handle animals
in a manner that prevents trauma and harm and ensures public safety. Hawthorn
has accumulated $72,500 in USDA penalties and has twice had its license suspended.
Four of Hawthorn's elephants died from a human strain of tuberculosis. In January
1997, Hawthorn's herd of 18 elephants was restricted from traveling during tuberculosis
treatment. Hawthorn's elephants have rampaged, causing death, injury, and property
damage. Hawthorn leases animals to facilities and circuses around the world, including
Jordan World Circus, Circus Vargas, Shrine Circuses, Walker Bros. Circus, Royal
Palace Circus, George Carden Circus, Hanneford Circus, Hamid Circus, Alain Zerbini,
and Tarzan Zerbini.
JORDAN WORLD CIRCUS
4040 S. Pearl St., Las Vegas,
USDA License #88-C-0062
The USDA has cited Jordan World Circus
numerous times for failing to provide proper veterinary care, proper handling,
nutritious food and clean water, shelter from the elements, and exercise and for
inadequate and unsafe enclosures. Jordan waited a month to seek treatment for
a malnourished tiger with a fractured leg, and it forced another sick tiger to
perform. Jordan has left its tigers and lions in small travel cages for up to
11 days without exercise. Jordan uses elephants with a history of aggressive behavior.
P.O. Box 829 Hugo, OK 74743
501 E Jackson St., Hugo, OK 74743
USDA License #73-C-0021
ANIMALS: Elephants, bears, etc.
USDA has cited Kelly Miller Circus for failure to handle animals in a manner that
is safe to the animals and to the public, failure to provide veterinary records,
and failure to provide structurally sound enclosures. Kelly Miller Circus leases
animals from its sister circus, Carson & Barnes.
KING ROYAL CIRCUS (now
traveling in Canada under the name Starr Bros.)
P.O. Box 683, Von Ormy, TX
USDA License #74-C-205
The USDA has cited King Royal Circus numerous
times for failing to provide proper veterinary care and appropriate space, and
failing to handle animals humanely. On August 6, 1997 in Albuquerque, New Mexico,
King Royal Circus crammed 3 elephants and 8 llamas into a poorly ventilated trailer,
which resulted in the death of one baby elephant, named Heather. Police estimated
the temperature inside the trailer to be approximately 120 degrees. They have
been fined over $200,000 and had their license suspended several other times for
violations of animal cruelty laws.
1432 Adair Rd., Davenport,
USDA License #58-C-0288
ANIMALS: 2 African elephants and other
The USDA has cited Liebel Circus for failure to provide
veterinary care, proper food, water, environmental enrichment for primates, structurally
sound enclosures, and shelter from the elements.
LYDIA ELEPHANT RIDES (Tesch,
3882 Lake Buffum Rd. E., Ft. Meade, FL 33841
USDA License #58-C-0413
USDA has cited Tesch for failing to provide veterinary care, shelter from the
elements, adequate ventilation in the transport trailer, and proper food storage,
and for failure to maintain enclosures. Lydia was captured in the wild in 1943.
She is afraid of other animals, including dogs. Lydia is considered potentially
dangerous by the USDA and has attacked four elephants, killing two and crippling
two. Lydia is chained inside the truck for up to 30 hours at one time without
being taken out or cared for.
OSCARIAN BROS. CIRCUS (Ramos, Manuel)
Bay Tree Dr., Riverview, FL 33569
USDA License #58-C-0193
The USDA has
cited Ramos for failure to provide veterinary care, proper handling, sanitary
conditions, structurally sound enclosures, adequate shelter from the elements,
and clean water, and for failure to comply with food storage and feeding standards.
Four big cats died after Ramos administered de-worming medication without veterinary
supervision. An African elephant named Kenya was found dead a few days after she
attacked and killed a circus worker. The USDA has suspended Ramos' license and
issued a penalty for AWA violations. Florida Fish and Wildlife has charged Ramos
with unsafe and unsupervised handling of an elephant and with failure to meet
minimum caging requirements.
PLUNKETT BROTHERS CIRCUS
Rte. 3, Box 323,
Mabank, TX 75147
USDA License #74-C-144
RINGLING BROS. AND BARNUM &
8607 Westwood Center Dr., Vienna, VA 22182
License #58-C-0137 (formerly #58-C-0106)
ANIMALS: Elephants, tigers, horses,
dogs, zebras, camels, llamas, etc.
The USDA has cited Ringling for failure
to provide veterinary care to a dying baby elephant, maintain records of veterinary
care, and provide animals with sufficient space and exercise. In fewer than two
years, two baby elephants died, a caged tiger was shot to death, a horse who was
used despite a chronic medical condition died during Ringling's traditional animal
march, and a wild-caught sea lion was found dead in her transport container. Two
units travel the country (red unit and blue). Schedules are posted at circuses.com
ROBERTS BROS. CIRCUS
5619 Antoinette St., Sarasota,
USDA License #58-C-0236
The USDA has cited Roberts Bros. Circus
for failure to provide sufficient veterinary care, safe enclosures, an exercise
plan for animals, and adequate shelter. Roberts Bros. Circus keeps one solitary
elephant. Elephants are herd animals who experience stress when they are deprived
of the companionship of other elephants.
ROYAL HANNEFORD CIRCUS
Gulf Gate Dr., Sarasota, FL 34231
USDA License #58-C-0035
The USDA has
cited Royal Hanneford numerous times for failure to provide veterinary care and
failure to meet minimum space requirements. An elephant with Royal Hanneford rampaged
during a performance, causing spectators to run for safety. Elephants were recently
quarantined due to TB. The circus is now renting elephants from Brian Franzen.
& REID BROS. CIRCUS
2345 Bee Ridge Rd., Ste. 2, Sarasota, FL 34239
Sarasota Quay, Sarasota, FL 34236
USDA License #58-C-0644
circus is one of the worst. It uses elephants, bears who are forced to ride horses,
and wild-caught sharks kept in a traveling tank! The USDA has cited Sterling &
Reid for failure to provide veterinary care, shelter from the elements, cages
that meet minimum space requirements, and sound fencing that protects both spectators
and the animals, as well as for giving animals feces-contaminated food and water.
From January 1999 through May 1999, USDA inspectors noted 46 items noncompliant
with the AWA. A USDA inspector witnessed exotic cats being struck repeatedly with
jagged sticks and a tiger escaping from a tent. The circus was charged with cruelty
to animals after humane inspectors found malnourished ponies in a filthy trailer.
They were charged 5 times in 4 months for failing to provide animals with a vet-approved
TARZAN ZERBINI CIRCUS (plays mostly Shrine-sponsored circuses)
2, Box 195, Webb City, MO 64870
2317 S. Hall St., Webb City, MO 64870
USDA License #43-C-0012
The USDA has cited Tarzan Zerbini Circus
for failure to provide a veterinary care program and medical records, and failure
to properly maintain transport vehicles. Animals used by Tarzan Zerbini Circus
have caused serious injury to children.
WALKER BROS. CIRCUS
Ave. Sarasota, FL 34232
USDA License #58-C-110
ANIMALS: Several elephants,
Walker Bros. Circus has been charged with operating without a license,
failing to maintain proper records of animal acquisition, disposition and identification,
failing to maintain programs of disease control and prevention, and euthanasia,
and failing to provide adequate veterinary care under the supervision and assistance
of a doctor of veterinary medicine.